There are six ‘personas’ or categories that most businesses selling products via online marketplaces fall into, according to GS1 UK, the supply chain standards organisation.
It has analysed the characteristics of businesses selling via online marketplaces for a report “The Rise of the Digital Entrepreneur: Harnessing the Power of Online Marketplaces”.
The report aims to help businesses of all sizes understand how to get the most out of online marketplaces, a channel which is used by 391,000 online marketplace sellers in the UK alone –280,000 on Amazon, 200,000 sellers on eBay, with 98,000 of them using both – as well as another 9,000 sellers who only operate on Google Shopping.
“The opportunity to increase sales and profits on the likes of Amazon, eBay and Google Shopping, is readily available but is a continual challenge for online sellers,” said GS1 chief executive Gary Lynch.
The six personas are:
- Creatives: usually new to marketplaces/online selling and have turned a hobby or passion into a business. They operate a manual sale-by-sale strategy and tend to focus on a single marketplace. Their products are typically second-hand or handmade and they operate out of their own home. The business may be a side project or second source of income for them. Creatives need to seek out how-to advice on using marketplaces and listing items. They need to look for guidance on marketplace regulations and barcoding. By focusing on producing targeted content and formatting they can drive more traffic to listings
- Traders: have spotted an opportunity to make money quickly and easily. They source lower cost products from abroad at high volume and sell them through multiple online marketplaces, rather than their own website and online marketplaces are their primary channel. They have an eye for the latest product trends and crazes, which they buy in bulk and sell fast. Brand identity is not a priority for them but they actively monitor product success on different marketplaces. Many Traders need to work on their back-end process optimisation. They can grow their business by increasing efficiency, typically by trialling automatic listing software for marketplace platforms. High volume sales strategies could lead to investment in digitised stock management solutions. And as their product range expands they should seek out further advice on how marketplaces differ in terms of pros cons, fees, and requirements.
- Innovators: focused on building a brand. They started out online and are looking to increase awareness. Typically, they target niche markets and adopt a ‘start-up’ culture. Innovators trade through their own website to develop their brand. They focus on a niche idea or a smaller range of products, often invented by them. Innovators employ a small team with the same mind-set and are committed to delivering their vision and taking the business forward. To be successful, the best Innovators will concentrate on channel integration and their marketing and sales. They need to focus on how best to build their brand and developing their seller profile. They should also prioritise linking marketplace profiles to their own website and integrating sales and product stock update.
- Growers: often family run businesses, typically started offline. They recognise the need for change to reinvigorate their business and are focused on growing their sales through online marketplaces. They use online marketplaces to reach new customers and test the e-commerce waters. Their brand is important to them and they will develop their own website. Growers should seek out advice on how to most effectively use marketplaces alongside physical channels and integrating offline stock management with new online sales. Growers might also look to invest more time and effort on improving data collection to review and compare online and offline sales
- Pioneers: experienced users of online marketplaces and are comfortable with their current level of online sales. They use marketplaces selectively based upon product type and are likely to have been early adopters of marketplaces. Pioneers enjoy stable growth and are looking at their internal processes to automate further – they could also be considering offline channels as part of their expansion. Shifting emphasis to push their brand and use online marketplaces for selective products only. To get the most out of marketplaces, Pioneers should invest time and resources into automated solutions that reduce cost. They also need to give more focus on marketing and sales, leveraging brand awareness and maintaining brand appeal
- Leaders: large omni-channel businesses and international growth is their priority. They have complex needs but large internal resources. Despite their size, marketplaces can still represent an important channel for Leaders and they use marketplaces proactively to sell internationally. Their brand is essential to them and adds a premium to their products. Leaders require a bespoke product management system that sits across all sales channels to drive success and overcome challenges.
GS1 UK is launching an online test to help businesses understand which persona they are, with the results providing advice to businesses on how to get the most out of online marketplaces.