The global sector-focused law firm, HFW, has helped shipping association BIMCO draft a series of clauses in response to strict new environmental legislation that will seek to reduce the industry’s carbon emissions and which will change the way ships are operated in the future.
From 1 January 2023, the International Maritime Organisation’s revised initial greenhouse gas rules will start to take effect, with the aim of reducing carbon emissions from ships by 40% from 2008 levels by 2030. This will involve ships meeting increased technical measures to improve a ship’s energy efficiency (EEXI), and ongoing operational measures to reduce a ship’s carbon intensity in accordance with a carbon intensity indicator (CII) regime.
In addition, the EU is seeking to include shipping in the EU’s existing Emissions Trading System (ETS) from 2023.
In preparation for these significant regulatory changes, BIMCO is putting together a series of what it describes as “game-changing” carbon emissions clauses for time charterparties, which seek to address the relationship between shipowners and charterers in the context of compliance with the new carbon emission regulations.
The first, BIMCO’s EEXI Transition Clause 2021, is published today (7 December) and is now ready for insertion into time charterparties. The clause deals allocates the risk and responsibility between the parties where technical modifications are required, in particular where the power output of a ship’s engine is limited.
The BIMCO sub-committee tasked with drafting the series of carbon emission clauses is made up of representatives from BIMCO, owners, charterers, P&I clubs, and technical and legal experts. HFW is the only UK-based law firm on the sub-committee, and is represented by Alessio Sbraga.
HFW is also helping BIMCO draft a new EU ETS clause and a time charter clause dealing with the CII regime, which will both be published in the coming months.
HFW has helped BIMCO draft several standard contract and clauses, including the industry’s first standard contract for autonomous shipping, its first cyber security clause, the industry’s first standard offshore decommissioning contact, and two clauses relating to the International Maritime Organization’s 2020 sulphur emission rules (one of the first steps towards reducing harmful GHG emissions from shipping).
“The shipping industry is responsible for around 90% of all global trade, and around 3% of all global GHG emissions,” said Alessio Sbraga, Partner, HFW. “With trade levels and therefore shipping activity set to increase significantly over the next decade, it is vital that urgent steps are taken now to reduce the global fleet’s carbon footprint by improving energy efficiency and reducing carbon emissions – including carbon intensity – wherever possible.”