Knight Frank analysed and ranked 41 UK ports based on their suitability for future logistics investment and development given their potential role in shortening supply chains and mitigating supply disruption.
Accounting for various factors including port capacity, import and export growth forecasts and access to consumer markets and labour, the analysis found that Liverpool, ranking first for forecast export growth and in the top three for access to consumer markets and skilled labour, emerged as the top location for port-centric logistics potential. Grimsby & Immingham and London ranked second and third.
Claire Williams, Industrial and Logistics Research Lead at Knight Frank, commented: “The rise of e-commerce has led to considerable change at the consumption end of supply chains, with additional costs and facilities being allocated to this part of the supply chain in order to raise service levels and reduce delivery times. However, rising costs and delays at the production end of the supply chain are driving a rethink of the locations of these facilities and the transport connections linking them to downstream operations.
“There is increasing awareness of the opportunities in the first mile of the supply chain. As we enter the next phase of the economic cycle and perhaps a new era for global trade, logistics investors and operators must look to supply chains, assets and opportunities that can provide stability for their operations and returns. First mile markets can enable firms to build and maintain a secure and responsive supply chain for their end users. This demand will continue, with the potential to create attractive opportunities for income-driven investors looking to deploy capital into assets underpinned by strong structural tailwinds.”
The findings came in Knight Frank’s latest Future Gazing Report which looked at the changing requirements and opportunities for first mile logistics, including how the need for increased resilience is driving a reconfiguring of supply chains, evolving infrastructure requirements and the relocation of manufacturing hubs. The report also analyses the areas in which these trends could create new opportunities and requirements for industrial and logistics real estate.
Knight Frank’s report explores how firms’ safety stock requirements increase in line with upstream spikes in supply lead times. If safety stock accounts for 20% of a firms’ UK inventory, and maximum lead times increase from 100 days to 140 days (or 40%) due to supply chain shocks generated by trade tensions, labour shortages and COVID-related shutdowns and shipping disruptions, firms need to raise their total inventory holdings by c. 8% to protect their order books.
As well as holding additional safety stock, many manufacturers are planning to diversify and invest in their supply chains to improve visibility and security, which could provide opportunities to grow UK manufacturing as firms weigh up the benefits and costs of reshoring operations.
Firms across a range of industries are considering reshoring. According to Knight Frank’s analysis, reshoring discussions are currently most prevalent among pharmaceutical and healthcare-related industries, supplemented by automotive firms, including those focused on alternative fuel vehicles, technology and biotech firms.